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Stanford HAI Congressional Boot Camp on Artificial Intelligence

August 8, 2022

11:15a.m. - 11:30a.m. PDT

Welcome Session and Lunch

Stanford HAI staff will welcome congressional staffers to campus and provide an overview of why the boot camp was created and what Stanford HAI hopes for participants to gain.

Speakers

Director of Policy, Stanford HAI
Director of Education, Stanford HAI
11:30a.m. - 12:30p.m. PDT

Session 1: Mapping the AI Landscape

This session will cover the basic concepts of AI, including compute power, neural networks, narrow vs. general AI, gradient descent, and more. It will also provide a bird’s-eye view of the AI landscape, covering different AI techniques such as deep learning, computer vision, natural language processing, and supervised and unsupervised learning. Participants will walk away with a greater understanding of the primary aspects of AI and be better prepared for the boot camp. 

Speakers

Distinguished Education Fellow, Stanford HAI; Director of Research, Google
12:30p.m. - 1:30p.m. PDT

Session 2: Mitigating Risk: Implementing Safe and Robust AI

The consequences of deploying robust AI and decision-making technologies in safety-critical systems such as driverless vehicles and autonomous aircraft are enormous. Challenges for AI developers range from biased inputs, constantly evolving conditions, and explainability issues, among others. This session will discuss the obstacles developers face as well as the difficult—and often politically fraught—decisions they make around operational efficiency and how they define acceptable risk parameters.

Speakers

Executive Director, Stanford Center for AI Safety; Aeronautics and Astronautics Postdoctoral Researcher, Stanford University
Associate Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics and, by courtesy, of Computer Science, Stanford University; Faculty Affiliate, Stanford HAI
1:30p.m. - 1:45p.m. PDT

Break

1:45p.m. - 2:45p.m. PDT

Session 3: The Fuel of AI: Data (and Its Perils)

Contemporary AI technologies run on data, but AI developers face significant obstacles in acquiring and cleaning data. In addition, developers must do their best to ensure data’s inherent biases (and their non-obvious proxies) are accounted for in their AI systems. Moreover, different social values around privacy, data ownership, and data creation impact what AI technologies are possible. This session will dive into how the data policies developed today will shape the technologies of tomorrow.

Speakers

Privacy and Data Policy Fellow, Stanford HAI
Assistant Professor of Biomedical Data Science, Stanford University; Faculty Affiliate, Stanford HAI

Moderators

Executive In Residence, Zetta Venture Partners; Member of the AI Index Steering Committee and Affiliated Fellow, Stanford HAI
2:45p.m. - 3:30p.m. PDT

Session 4: AI, Automation, and the Future of Work

AI and automation will have a rippling effect on today’s workforce and the future of work. Mainstream narratives forecast AI will displace workers and funnel profits up to a select few. Alternatively, AI has the potential to augment and supercharge labor, ensuring the benefits of AI are spread and enjoyed widely. This session dives into deeper detail regarding what exactly we should expect as AI and automation integrate into the economy and the subsequent consequences for the workforce. The panelists will also discuss how policies can reshape and guide what the future holds.

Speakers

Director, Stanford Digital Economy Lab; Jerry Yang and Akiko Yamazaki Professor and Senior Fellow, Stanford HAI; Ralph Landau Senior Fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research
3:30p.m. - 3:45p.m. PDT

Break

3:45p.m. - 4:45p.m. PDT

Session 5: Understanding the Basics of Foundation Models

Recently, a new successful paradigm for building AI systems has emerged: train one model on a huge amount of data and adapt it to numerous applications. We have deemed such a model a foundation model. This session unpacks how foundation models were created and deployed, the requirements to build one, expected and unexpected consequences of these models, and other hot topics surrounding the use of large AI models.

Speakers

Associate Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University; Director, Stanford Center for Research on Foundation Models; Faculty Affiliate, Stanford HAI
Computer Science Ph.D. Candidate, Stanford University
4:45p.m. - 5:30p.m. PDT

Keynote Fireside Chat - Cutting Edge: AI Developments that are Steering the Future

The rapid advancements in AI in recent years haves shocked the world. From models generating realistic images from scratch to ambient technologies that enhance the human condition, the possibilities of what AI can do for humanity are endless. Understanding today’s cutting-edge AI will help steer tomorrow’s innovation. This session will dive into what is on the horizon of AI advancements and how these technologies can be leveraged to benefit society.

Speakers

Sequoia Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University; Denning Co-Director, Stanford HAI
Vice Chair, National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee; Advisory Council Member and Distinguished Fellow, Stanford HAI; Senior Vice President of Technology and Society, Google
5:30p.m. - 7:30p.m. PDT

Dinner

August 9, 2022

8:30a.m. - 9:00a.m. PDT

Breakfast/Debrief

Stanford HAI staff will lead a discussion debriefing the key concepts that staffers learned in earlier sessions. They will also offer a preview of Day 2 and leave ample time for questions.

Speakers

Director of Education, Stanford HAI
Director of Policy, Stanford HAI
9:00a.m. - 10:00a.m. PDT

Session 1: How AI Will Shape the Future of International Security and U.S. Intelligence

Spying has never been more ubiquitous—or less understood. This crisis in intelligence education is fueling conspiracy theories and hurting intelligence policy. At the same time, AI is introducing new opportunities to strengthen U.S. intelligence capabilities, but only if decision makers understand how the U.S. intelligence community and AI technologies actually work.  This session will separate fact from fiction as panelists discuss the past, present, and future of American espionage and how AI is creating an adapt-or-fail moment for U.S. intelligence agencies.

Speakers

Senior Fellow, Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies; Morris Arnold and Nona Jean Cox Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution; Professor of Political Science, Stanford University; Chair, Steering Committee on International Security
Deputy Director and Senior Research Scholar, Stanford Center for International Security and Cooperation

Moderators

Visiting Fellow, Hoover Institution
10:00a.m. - 10:15a.m. PDT

Break

10:15a.m. - 11:15a.m. PDT

Session 2: Digital Dupes: How AI is Distorting Truth Through Disinformation and Deepfakes

The rapid spread of disinformation has challenged societies and deepened mistrust, threatening to erode democratic values. Furthermore, synthetic media from the advent of generative adversarial networks (GANS) has created deceptively realistic images and videos—known as deepfakes—that are indistinguishable from reality. These developments are leading to an information crisis where consumers are becoming less certain of the veracity of the content they encounter. This session will dive into how AI has changed the information economy and how policy can help protect people from fake content.

Speakers

Director, Program on Geopolitics, Technology, and Governance, Stanford Cyber Policy Center; William J. Perry International Security Fellow, Stanford Center for International Security and Cooperation; Visiting Fellow, Hoover Institution
Research Scholar, Stanford Internet Observatory, Stanford Cyber Policy Center
11:15a.m. - 12:15p.m. PDT

Session 3: The China Challenge: Developing Human-Centered AI with an Authoritarian Competitor

China remains one of the most complex geopolitical challenges for the United States. The Chinese government has made clear its intention to be the leader in AI and other key dual-use technologies to secure an economic, political, and military advantage. Furthermore, the Chinese Communist Party uses AI technology to commit human rights abuses at home and abroad in a fundamentally anti-democratic manner. How can the U.S. maintain human-centered values in its technology and remain a global leader that advances an international order using technology for society’s benefit? This session will dive deeply into the nuances of Sino-American relations and how the U.S. can maintain its technological superiority.

Speakers

Center Fellow, Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Research Scholar and Editor-in-Chief, DigiChina, Stanford Cyber Policy Center

Moderators

Policy Research Manager, Stanford HAI
12:15p.m. - 1:00p.m. PDT

Break

1:00p.m. - 2:00p.m. PDT

Session 4 (Lunch): The Possibilities and Pitfalls of AI and Climate Sustainability

The risks and threats stemming from global climate change are becoming a growing issue for policymakers. At the same time, the rapid advancements of AI have presented possible opportunities to use this technology to help tackle our greatest climate challenges, from achieving net-zero emissions to preparing for extreme weather events. Conversely, AI continues to increasingly rely on compute power, which is an energy-intensive resource and contributes to the emission of CO2. As a result, there is mounting concern around AI’s environmental impact, drawing attention to the cost-benefit analysis of AI advancements. This session will unpack how AI can be used to help confront climate change while also better understanding AI’s own ripple effects in the environment.

Speakers

Associate Professor of Earth System Science, Stanford University; Deputy Director, Stanford Center on Food Security and the Environment; Senior Fellow, Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Graduate Fellow, Stanford HAI
2:00p.m. - 4:00p.m. PDT

Break

4:00p.m. - 5:00p.m. PDT

Session 5: From Startups to Giants: Industry Perspectives on Innovation

Silicon Valley, which is home to venture capital, startups, and leading tech firms, is a global center of tech innovation. From the startup lab to the boardrooms of major companies, this session will bring together startup founders and tech executives to map out Silicon Valley’s innovation ecosystem, discuss its vibrancy, and critically think about the consequences of AI developments on society. Panelists will offer their perspectives on starting, funding, and running successful companies as well as providing counsel to companies on ensuring ethical business practices. 

Speakers

Co-Founder, Anthropic; Co-Chair of the AI Index Steering Committee, Stanford HAI
Vice President, Ethical and Humane Use of Technology, Salesforce; Affiliate, Stanford Immigration Policy Lab
President Emeritus, Stanford University; Chairman of the Board, Alphabet Inc.; Advisory Council Member, Stanford HAI
Founding and Managing Director, Susan Liautaud & Associates Limited; Advisory Council Member, Stanford HAI

Moderators

President and Trustee, Patrick J. McGovern Foundation; Advisory Council Member, Stanford HAI
5:00p.m. - 6:00p.m. PDT

Reception

6:00p.m. - 7:30p.m. PDT

Keynote Dinner: Democracy in a World of AI-Fueled Disinformation and Digital Authoritarianism

The introduction of AI into society has had ripple effects on governments worldwide. Disinformation spreading on digital platforms—further amplified by AI—has had real-world consequences on democracy. Additionally, authoritarian countries are leveraging AI to further surveil and control their populations. The future of democracy hangs in the balance of making sure AI is used to affirm democratic systems and reinforce norms and values for the betterment of humanity. This dinner discussion will unpack the complexities of AI as it intertwines with different governments and considers how to ensure democracy prevails in a digital world.

Speakers

Olivier Nomellini Senior Fellow, Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies; Director, Susan Ford Dorsey Master's in International Policy, Stanford University; Faculty Affiliate, Stanford HAI
Tad and Dianne Taube Director, Hoover Institution; Denning Professor in Global Business and the Economy, Stanford Graduate School of Business; Advisory Council Member, Stanford HAI

Moderators

William Benjamin Scott and Luna M. Scott Professor of Law, Stanford Law School; Director, Stanford Regulation, Evaluation, and Governance Lab; Faculty Associate Director, Stanford HAI

August 10, 2022

8:30a.m. - 9:00a.m. PDT

Breakfast/Debrief

Stanford HAI staff will lead a discussion reviewing key concepts from the first two days of the boot camp. They will also offer a preview of Day 3 and leave ample time for questions.

Speakers

Director of Education, Stanford HAI
Director of Policy, Stanford HAI
9:00a.m. - 10:00a.m. PDT

Session 1: Revolutionizing the Classroom: How AI Is Advancing Education

AI has the potential to dramatically improve education. From teacher support to personalized student engagement, AI could democratize extraordinary teaching and learning. But dangers and concerns loom. Collecting data from children raises privacy concerns, and current inequities in the education system might be exacerbated by the introduction of AI. This session will look into how AI can be leveraged to improve the education system without causing harm to teachers and students.

Speakers

Associate Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University; Faculty Affiliate, Stanford HAI
James Quillen Dean and Nomellini & Olivier Professor of Educational Technology, Stanford University; Faculty Affiliate, Stanford HAI

Moderators

Director of Education, Stanford HAI
10:00a.m. - 11:00a.m. PDT

Session 2: The New Creative Industry: How AI Is Reshaping Arts and Culture

Artististic and cultural expression is one of the hallmarks of advanced societies. Today we understand the intersection of arts and culture with wellness, innovation, creativity, diversity, and health. AI is expanding artistic and cultural expression, opening up new possibilities for our state, local, and federal arts and culture programs. This session will explore why and how AI needs to be more integrated with the humanities and arts in order to contribute to human flourishing, especially when it comes to social justice.

Speakers

William Robertson Coe Professor of Humanities, Stanford University; Faculty Associate Director, Stanford HAI
Senior Director of Digital Innovation, The Music Center
11:00a.m. - 11:15a.m. PDT

Break

11:15a.m. - 12:15p.m. PDT

Session 3: Transforming Healthcare Through Innovation

Some of the most exciting advances of this technological wave are focused on healthcare: faster and better diagnoses, enhanced therapies, increased hospital standards which reduce patient harms, and protein folding which has the potential to cure debilitating diseases. Healthcare is on the cusp of a revolution that will advance human well-being. At the same time, the United States faces an incredible shortage of qualified healthcare workers, lacks proper evaluation of medical devices, and struggles with unclear liability risk/clinician responsibility. These mounting challenges raise the question, can AI help “save” the U.S. healthcare system? This session will highlight the coming changes in healthcare, the opportunities and risks AI presents, and how policies can ensure safe and robust health systems.

Speakers

Medicine Innovation Professor, Professor of Epidemiology and Population Health, of Health Policy, and, by courtesy, of Pediatrics, Stanford University
Chief Medical Information Officer, Nuance Communications, a Microsoft Company; Associate Clinical Professor, University of California San Francisco; Associate Fellow, Stanford Center for Artificial Intelligence in Medicine & Imaging

Moderators

Associate Professor of Health Policy, Stanford University; Co-Director, Stanford Health Policy Data Science Lab; Faculty Affiliate, Stanford HAI
12:15p.m. - 1:30p.m. PDT

Session 4 (Lunch): Modernizing a Mammoth: Use-Cases of Public Sector AI

The U.S. government is in great need of a technological upgrade. From streamlining administrative processes to providing personalized services to constituents, there is ample opportunity for AI to help government agencies achieve their missions. However, integrating AI into the government is not as easy as obtaining and deploying the technology. Talent, infrastructure, public trust, and morale play equally important roles in ensuring the successful modernization of government. This session will dive into current use-cases of AI in government, the challenges and successes of these cases, and how to improve the integration of new technologies that will help the government serve its citizens

Speakers

William Benjamin Scott and Luna M. Scott Professor of Law, Stanford Law School; Director, Stanford Regulation, Evaluation, and Governance Lab; Faculty Associate Director, Stanford HAI
1:30p.m. - 1:45p.m. PDT

Break

1:45p.m. - 2:45p.m. PDT

Session 5 (Closing Keynote): The Neuroscience of Addiction and Implications for a Digital World

This is a time of unprecedented access to high-reward, high-dopamine stimuli: drugs, food, news, gambling, shopping, gaming, texting, Facebooking, Instagramming, YouTubing, tweeting . . . The increased numbers, variety, and potency are staggering. As such, we’ve all become vulnerable to compulsive overconsumption. Yet, it is possible to find contentment and connectedness by keeping dopamine in check. This session will provide a practical, science-informed approach to addressing compulsive overconsumption of everything from food, to sex, to video games.

Speakers

Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Stanford School of Medicine; Chief of the Stanford Addiction Medicine Dual Diagnosis Clinic

Moderators

Privacy and Data Policy Fellow, Stanford HAI
2:00p.m. - 4:15p.m. PDT

Session 6: Trip to the Virtual Human Interaction Lab

Staffers will take a trip to Stanford’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab (VHIL) to get hands-on experience in virtual and augmented reality technology (VR/AR). This session will dive into how VR/AR will transform society, how to create VR/AR that will enhance and not detract from reality, and the psychological processes that people undergo while using VR/AR.

Speakers

Founding Director, Stanford Virtual Human Interaction Lab; Thomas More Storke Professor of Communication, Stanford University
4:30p.m. - 6:30p.m. PDT

Closing Dinner

The final dinner will recap the entire boot camp, solicit feedback on what staffers enjoyed, and invite suggestions for areas of improvement. Senior HAI staff and directors will lead this conversation.