HAI Weekly Seminar with Akshay Chaudhari
Beyond Image Interpretation in Radiology: Data-Efficient AI for Accelerating MRI Acquisition
Recent applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology have focused on image interpretation tasks such as image classification, segmentation, or detection. However, a fundamental challenge in radiology is to acquire these medical images in a safe and efficient manner. New AI techniques have been proposed to solve the inverse problem of image reconstruction wherein only a limited set of measurements are used to reconstruct medical images with high diagnostic quality. Specifically, in this talk, I will describe how physics-guided AI is currently being used to improve the speed of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). I will further describe how we may eschew requiring large extents of paired datasets required for supervised model training by using novel unsupervised and semi-supervised approaches for accelerated MRI. Beyond data efficiency, these approaches can help mitigate the challenge of distribution shifts for trained models. I will conclude by describing a 1.5TB dataset that we have made publicly available to help evaluate MRI reconstructions with clinically-relevant metrics.